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Advent of Code 2020: "Binary Boarding" - Day 5

Pretty amazing the tasks they ask you to do "on the fly": Yesterday we fixed the passport scanner, today you have to write a piece of code which scans all the boarding passes in your environment (no one said they all carry them in the hand, and show it to you), and while waiting in the gangway you also have to identify your designated seat. Because, you know, you are such a good hacker you lost your boarding pass on the way from the gate to the plane ;-)

Task 1: Scan all the boarding passes with your phone camera, extract the code, and apply binary pattern matching to identify which seats exist. The airline has a pretty complex scheme going on, which depends on binary space partitioning. Find the highest seat number on the plane.

Task 2: Use the scanned data and find your seat. Seat belts sign is already on and you are still hacking in the gangway, hurry up! The only information you have: your seat exists, it's not the first and last one, and the seats next to yours (-1, +1) exist.


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Advent of Code 2020: "Passport Processing" - Day 4

The challenge for day 4 is more suited for databases. The input is fuzzy, but with a CTE or two I should be able to clean it up. Solved the first part already with the kid earlier, but we decided to skip part two: mainly because it involved more complex string operations (best suited for regex operations), which is something the kid hasn't learned yet.

Task 1: The airport is busy, and the passport scanners do not function correctly. Wondering why every airport seems to be the same mess, but oh well. Anyway, being someone who can do some IT support they ask you to basically hack this thing on the fly and implement passport verification. If that would be possible on a real-world airport ... In addition to all the IT problems there, some people arrive with an ID which was issued by some "North Pole" organization which is not an official government body. But because everyone is waiting in line the people in charge decide to accept this ID as well. Only problem: this ID does not have a "Country ID" code. Your task, if you accept it: check the input data and if only the cid (Country ID) is missing, then accept this non-passport as valid document.

Task 2: Lines are getting longer and longer, and there are still problems with some passports. Your task is to apply additional validation on the fuzzy data which comes from the scanners. The task does not say what happens to people with invalid ID documents, but one can only assume that they cannot board the plane.


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Advent of Code 2020: "Toboggan Trajectory" - Day 3

Have to admit, on first glance this challenge looks a bit complicated. It's well suited for languages which can do string manipulations, but it's not well suited for PostgreSQL. Earlier today I already looked at this problem together with the kid, in Python. Therefore I already knew that I have to jump multiple rows as well. To sum it up: adjust x, including overruns, jump multiple rows in y direction, count trees along the way. All in a single SQL query.

Decided to do the map search in a pl/pgSQL instead, and write a function for it.

Task 1: you get a map of "." and "#", where the "#" are trees. You get instructions to move a certain number of steps into x and y direction, and see if there is a tree. Then repeat until the end of the map. A detail problem is that the number of fields in x direction is smaller than the y direction. There are no clear instructions how to handle this, but the correct solution is to just start at the leftmost position again.

Task 2: Repeat the task from task 1, but 5 times with 5 different instructions for x and y movement. The resulting numbers are to be multiplied.

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Advent of Code 2020: "Password Philosophy" - Day 2

Day 2, another challenge: fix a broken password database. In order to do that, the passwords which violate the policy must be identified.

Task 1: I get a string, consisting of 2 numbers, a letter, and a password string. Check how many passwords have count(letter) which is between number 1 and number 2.

Task 2: The numbers are positions in the password string (beginning by 1, not 0). Exactly one of the two letters in the string must match the letter.


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Advent of Code 2020: "Report Repair" - Day 1

Started "Advent of Code" with the kid, the kid is polishing the Python (and English) skills. I thought I better do this in SQL.

The Task 1 for "Day 1" is: you get 200 numbers from the accounting department, find the two which in sum are 2020. This two numbers multiplied is the result of the task.

Task 2 is like task 1, except it's using three numbers. All three in sum will be 2020, and then multiply these three and that is the result.


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Django: Change or translate the app name in the admin menu

Let's say I have a Django app "users". The admin menu shows this as category "Users". That's ok, but if the website users speak another language I want this name translated. Also I'm not necessarily using "Users" as name in the admin menu as section name, but can use something more descriptive. "Website Users", as example.


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