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Wöchentlicher PostgreSQL Newsletter - 19. August 2007

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== Wöchentlicher PostgreSQL Newsletter - 19. August 2007 ==

== PostgreSQL Produkt Neuigkeiten ==

Once:radix 0.9 erschienen.

pgAdmin III 1.8.0 Beta 3 erschienen.

pgUnitTest erschienen:

== PostgreSQL Jobs im August ==

== PostgreSQL Lokal ==

== PostgreSQL in den News ==

Planet PostgreSQL:

General Bits, Archive und gelegentliche News Artikel:

Dieser wöchentliche PostgreSQL Newsletter wurde erstellt von David

Sende Neuigkeiten und Ankündigungen bis Sonntag, 15 Uhr Pazifischer
Zeit. Bitte sende englische Beiträge an, deutsche an
== Angewandte Patches ==

Andrew Dunstan committed:

- Fix minor typo fixes in CSVlog docs, per Michael Glaesemann.

- Provide for logfiles in machine readable CSV format. In consequence,
rename redirect_stderr to logging_collector. Original patch from
Arul Shaji, subsequently modified by Greg Smith, and then heavily
modified by me.

Bruce Momjian committed:

- Mark TODO as DONE: "Allow server log information to be output as CSV

- Add to TODO, with URL reference, "Reduce XID consumption of
read-only queries."

- Add another idea to TODO item, "Allow data to be pulled directly
from indexes."

- Fix whitespace in TODO.

- Mark TODO as DONE: "Use backend PREPARE/EXECUTE facility for ecpg
where possible."

Micheal Meskes committed:

- In pgsql/src/interfaces/ecpg/test/expected, it seems we simply
expected the same output for failure and success.

- Hopefully fixed missing CHAR_BIT symbol in ecpg.

- Fixed compiler warning for enum handling in ecpg.

- Finished major rewrite to use new protocol version for ecpg. Really
prepare statements. Added more regression tests. Added
auto-prepare mode. Use '$n' for positional variables, '?' is still
possible via ecpg option. Cleaned up the sources a little bit.

Tom Lane committed:

- Arrange to cache a ResultRelInfo in the executor's EState for
relations that are not one of the query's defined result relations,
but nonetheless have triggers fired against them while the query is
active. This was formerly impossible but can now occur because of
my recent patch to fix the firing order for RI triggers. Caching a
ResultRelInfo avoids duplicating work by repeatedly opening and
closing the same relation, and also allows EXPLAIN ANALYZE to "see"
and report on these extra triggers. Use the same mechanism to cache
open relations when firing deferred triggers at transaction
shutdown; this replaces the former one-element-cache strategy used
in that case, and should improve performance a bit when there are
deferred triggers on a number of relations.

- Repair problems occurring when multiple RI updates have to be done
to the same row within one query: we were firing check triggers
before all the updates were done, leading to bogus failures. Fix by
making the triggers queued by an RI update go at the end of the
outer query's trigger event list, thereby effectively making the
processing "breadth-first". This was indeed how it worked pre-8.0,
so the bug does not occur in the 7.x branches. Per report from
Pavel Stehule.

- Fix oversight in async-commit patch: there were some places in
heapam.c that still thought they could set HEAP_XMAX_COMMITTED
immediately after seeing the other transaction commit. Make them
use the same logic as tqual.c does to determine if the hint bit can
be set yet.

- TEMPORARILY make synchronous_commit default to OFF, so that we can
get more thorough testing of async-commit mode from the buildfarm.
This patch MUST get reverted before 8.3 release!

- Fix two bugs induced in VACUUM FULL by async-commit patch. First,
we cannot assume that XLogAsyncCommitFlush guarantees hint bits will
be settable, because clog.c's inexact LSN bookkeeping results in
windows where a previously flushed transaction is considered
unhintable because it shares an LSN slot with a later unflushed
transaction. But repair_frag requires XMIN_COMMITTED to be correct
so that it can distinguish tuples moved by the current vacuum.
Since not being able to set the bit is an uncommon corner case, the
most practical way of dealing with it seems to be to abandon
shrinking (ie, don't invoke repair_frag) when we find a non-dead
tuple whose XMIN_COMMITTED bit couldn't be set. Second, it is
possible for the same reason that a RECENTLY_DEAD tuple does not get
its XMAX_COMMITTED bit set during scan_heap. But by the time
repair_frag examines the tuple it might be possible to set the bit.
We therefore must take buffer content lock when calling
HeapTupleSatisfiesVacuum a second time, else we can get an Assert
failure in SetBufferCommitInfoNeedsSave. This latter bug is latent
in existing releases, but I think it cannot actually occur without
async commit, since the first HeapTupleSatisfiesVacuum call should
always have set the bit. So I'm not going to back-patch it. In
passing, reduce the existing "cannot shrink relation" messages from
NOTICE to LOG level. The new message must be no higher than LOG if
we don't want unpredictable regression test failures, and
consistency seems like a good idea. Also arrange that only one such
message is reported per VACUUM FULL; in typical scenarios you could
get spammed with many such messages, which seems a bit useless.

- Document that the regexp split functions ignore zero-length matches
in certain corner cases. Per discussion, the code does what we
want, but it really needs to be documented that these functions act
differently from regexp_matches.

- Remove an "optimization" I installed in 2001, to make repalloc()
attempt to enlarge the memory chunk in-place when it was feasible to
do so. This turns out to not work well at all for scenarios
involving repeated cycles of palloc/repalloc/pfree: the eventually
freed chunks go into the wrong freelist for the next initial palloc
request, and so we consume memory indefinitely. While that could be
defended against, the number of cases where the optimization can
still be applied drops significantly, and adjusting the initial
sizes of StringInfo buffers makes it drop to almost nothing. Seems
better to just remove the extra complexity. Per recent discussion
and testing.

- Increase the initial size of StringInfo buffers to 1024 bytes (from
256); likewise increase the initial size of the scanner's literal
buffer to 1024 (from 128). Instrumentation of the regression tests
suggests that this saves a useful amount of repalloc() traffic ---
the number of calls occurring during one set of tests drops from
about 6900 to about 3900. The old sizes were chosen in the late
90's with an eye to machines much smaller than are common today.

== Abgelehnte Patches (bis jetzt) ==

Brendan Jurd's patch which refactors formatting.c, pushed out to 8.4.

ITAGAKI Takahiro's patch which reduces the size of PageFreeSpaceInfo
on 64bit platforms. The patch didn't touch enough places.

== Eingesandte Patches ==

Zdenek Kotala sent in another version of his pgcrypto patch.

Julius Stroffek sent in another version of his patch for optimizer

Peter Eisentraut sent in a patch to enable people to use their
system's time zone files.

Merlin Moncure sent in a patch which adds a pgparam extension to the
libpq api.


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