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Wöchentlicher PostgreSQL Newsletter - 27. Dezember 2009

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== Wöchentlicher PostgreSQL Newsletter - 27. Dezember 2009 ==

PostgreSQL 8.5alpha3 ist erschienen. Neue Features sind unter
anderem Hot Standby, Exclusion Constraints, ORDERB BY in Aggregaten,
ACLs für Large Objects, verbesserte Regexes, PL/pgsql per Default
sowie verschiedene Verbesserungen in PL/pgsql, PL/Perl und PL/Python.

Die Deutsche PostgreSQL User Gruppe hat einen Stand im Open Source
Part auf der Cebit 2010 vom 02. bis 06. März 2010 in Hannover,

Der Call for Proposals für die OSCON ist eröffnet. OSCON findet in
Portland, Oregon vom 19. bis 23. Juli 2010 statt.

Das Video Archiv vom SFPUG Treffen am 8. Dezember 2009, "Operator
Exclusion Constraints", ist jetzt verfügbar:

== PostgreSQL Produkt Neuigkeiten ==

MicroOLAP Database Designer 1.2.9 für PostgreSQL ist erschienen.

PostgreSQL PHP Generator 9.12, ein GUI Frontend um PHP aus
ausgewählten PostgreSQL Objekten zu generieren, ist erschienen.

PostERP 2.6, ein ERP Software System welches aufbauens auf
PostgreSQL läuft, ist erschienen.

PostgreDAC 2.5.4, ein Delphi/C++ Builder für PostgreSQL, ist

== PostgreSQL 8.5 Feature der Woche ==

Hot Standby. Nach 1.5 Jahren Entwicklung sind jetzt Read-only Anfragen
gegen PITR-Slaves möglich. Danke an Simon Riggs, Heikki
Linnakangas und viele andere für ihre unaufhörliche Arbeit. Lerne
mehr über Hot Standby unter:
und probiere es bald in 8.5Alpha3 aus.

== PostgreSQL Jobs im Dezember ==

== PostgreSQL Lokal ==

Die PUG des New York Capital Districts trifft sich zu ihrem erstem
Meeting am 7. Januar 2010.

Stefan Keller gibt einen Kurs "Einführung in PostGIS/PostgreSQL" an
der HSR Hochschule für Technik Rapperswil (HSR) am 14. Januar 2010
in Zürich, Schweiz. Details für diese und weitere Veranstaltungen

Standhelfer für die Open Day Linux Conf AU in Wellington, Neuseeland
am 23. Januar 2010, 11-14 Uhr, werden gesucht. Kontaktiere
selena -at- um zu helfen.

Der Call for Papers für East ist offen bis zum 30. Januar 2010.
Details unter:

PGDay Kuba 2010 findet vom 4.-6. Februar 2010 in La Havana an der
Universität für Wissenschaftliche Informatik statt. Teilnehmer aus
Kuba, der Dominikanischen Republik und Venezuela sind eingeladen.

FOSDEM 2010 findet am 6. und 7. Februar 2010 in Brüssel,
Belgien statt.

Die Chemnitzer Linuxtage finden am 13. und 14. März in
Chemnitz, Deutschland statt.

PgCon 2010 findet vom 20.-21. Mai 2010 in Ottawa statt mit Tutorials
vorher am 18. und 19. Der Call for Papers ist offen!

== PostgreSQL in den News ==

Planet PostgreSQL:

Dieser wöchentliche PostgreSQL Newsletter wurde erstellt von David

Sende Neuigkeiten und Ankündigungen bis Sonntag, 15 Uhr Pazifischer
Zeit. Bitte sende englische Beiträge an, deutsche an, italienische an

== Angewandte Patches ==

Peter Eisentraut committed:

- In pgsql/src/bin/pg_dump/, in CREATE SEQUENCE dump, put
  MINVALUE before MAXVALUE so it reads better.

- In pgsql/Makefile, replace target list by a wildcard, so that this
  workaround makefile also works transparently for lesser used

- In pgsql/Makefile,revert brainfart: Of course the wildcard only
  works in GNU make itself.  Instead, add a few targets that were

Tom Lane committed:

- Disallow comments on columns of relation types other than tables,
  views, and composite types, which are the only relkinds for which
  pg_dump support exists for dumping column comments.  There is no
  obvious usefulness for comments on columns of sequences or toast
  tables; and while comments on index columns might have some value,
  it's not worth the risk of compatibility problems due to possible
  changes in the algorithm for assigning names to index columns.  Per
  discussion.  In consequence, remove now-dead code for copying such
  comments in CREATE TABLE LIKE.

- Adjust naming of indexes and their columns per recent discussion.
  Index expression columns are now named after the FigureColname
  result for their expressions, rather than always being
  "pg_expression_N".  Digits are appended to this name if needed to
  make the column name unique within the index.  (That happens for
  regular columns too, thus fixing the old problem that CREATE INDEX
  fooi ON foo (f1, f1) fails.  Before exclusion indexes there was no
  real reason to do such a thing, but now maybe there is.) Default
  names for indexes and associated constraints now include the column
  names of all their columns, not only the first one as in previous
  practice.  (Of course, this will be truncated as needed to fit in
  NAMEDATALEN.  Also, pkey indexes retain the historical behavior of
  not naming specific columns at all.)

- In pgsql/src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c, remove code that
  attempted to rename index columns to keep them in sync with their
  underlying table columns.  That code was not bright enough to cope
  with collision situations (ie, new name conflicts with some other
  column of the index).  Since there is no functional reason to do
  this at all, trying to upgrade the logic to be bulletproof doesn't
  seem worth the trouble.  This change means that both the index name
  and the column names of an index are set when it's created, and
  won't be automatically changed when the underlying table columns are
  renamed.  Neatnik DBAs are still free to rename them manually, of

- Allow the index name to be omitted in CREATE INDEX, causing the
  system to choose an index name the same as it would do for an
  unnamed index constraint.  (My recent changes to the index naming
  logic have helped to ensure that this will be a reasonable choice.)
  Per a suggestion from Peter.  A necessary side-effect is to promote
  CONCURRENTLY to type_func_name_keyword status, ie, it can't be a
  table/column/index name anymore unless quoted.  This is not all bad,
  since we have heard more than once of people typing CREATE INDEX
  CONCURRENTLY ON foo (...) and getting a normal index build of an
  index named "concurrently", which was not what they wanted.  Now
  this syntax will result in a concurrent build of an index with
  system-chosen name; which they can rename afterwards if they want
  something else.

- In pgsql/src/backend/access/gist/gistxlog.c, fix wrong WAL info
  value generated when gistContinueInsert() performs an index page
  split.  This would result in index corruption, or even more likely
  an error during WAL replay, if we were unlucky enough to crash
  during end-of-recovery cleanup after having completed an incomplete
  GIST insertion.  Yoichi Hirai.

- In pgsql/doc/src/sgml/ref/psql-ref.sgml, try to improve the clarity
  of the psql documentation for the \d family of commands, as per
  recent discussion.  Includes suggestions from Adrian Klaver and
  Filip Rembialkowski.

- In pgsql/src/backend/optimizer/path/joinpath.c, fix brain fade in
  join-removal patch: a pushed-down clause in the outer join's
  restrict list is not just something to ignore, it's actually grounds
  to abandon the optimization entirely.  Per bug #5255 from Matteo

- Remove a couple of unnecessary calls of CreateCacheMemoryContext.
  These probably got there via blind copy-and-paste from one of the
  legitimate callers, so rearrange and comment that code a bit to make
  it clearer that this isn't a necessary prerequisite to hash_create.
  Per observation from Robert Haas.

- In pgsql/src/backend/postmaster/pgstat.c, avoid memory leak if
  pgstat_vacuum_stat is interrupted partway through.  The temporary
  hash tables made by pgstat_collect_oids should be allocated in a
  short-term memory context, which is not the default behavior of
  hash_create.  Noted while looking through hash_create calls in
  connection with Robert Haas' recent complaint.  This is a
  pre-existing bug, but it doesn't seem important enough to
  back-patch.  The hash table is not so large that it would matter
  unless this happened many times within a session, which seems quite

Bruce Momjian committed:

- In pgsql/src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c, rename pg_dump.c TypeInfo
  variable tinfo to tyinfo, for clarity.

- Binary upgrade: Modify pg_dump --binary-upgrade and add backend
  support routines to support the preservation of pg_type oids when
  doing a binary upgrade.  This allows user-defined composite types
  and arrays to be binary upgraded.

- In pgsql/src/backend/catalog/pg_enum.c, rename EnumValuesCreate()
  single-letter variable names to useful variable names.

- Zero-label enums: Allow enums to be created with zero labels, for
  use during binary upgrade.

- Add backend and pg_dump code to allow preservation of pg_enum oids,
  for use in binary upgrades.  Bump catalog version for detection by
  pg_migrator of new backend API.

Heikki Linnakangas committed:

- Always pass catalog id to the options validator function specified
  in CREATE FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER.  Arguably it wasn't a bug because
  the documentation said that it's passed the catalog ID or zero, but
  surely we should provide it when it's known.  And there isn't
  currently any scenario where it's not known, and I can't imagine
  having one in the future either, so better remove the "or zero"
  escape hatch and always pass a valid catalog ID.  Backpatch to 8.4.
  Martin Pihlak.

Magnus Hagander committed:

- Add basic build support for Visual Studio 2008, without resorting to
  generating the build files for 2005 and then converting them.

- In pgsql/src/port/win32env.c, if the MSVCRT module is not found in
  the current binary, proceed to update system and local environments
  anyway, instead of aborting. (This will happen in a MSVC build with
  no or very few external libraries linked in)

- In pgsql/src/port/win32env.c, remove now unreferenced variable.

Andrew Dunstan committed:

- In pgsql/src/pl/plperl/ppport.h, upgrade to latest ppport.h.  Patch
  from Tim Bunce.

Robert Haas committed:

- In pgsql/doc/src/sgml/config.sgml, add missing
  <indexterm><primary>...</primary>...</indexterm> tags for a couple
  of HS-related parameters.  Fujii Masao.

== Abgelehnte Patches (bis jetzt) ==

No one was disappointed this week :-)

== Eingesandte Patches ==

Tim Bunce sent in another revision of the patch to refactor PL/Perl.

Tim Bunce sent in a patch to update ppport.h in PL/Perl in preparation
for further patches.

Tim Bunce sent in a patch atop the ppport.h patch, adding new GUCs
plperl.on_perl_init, plperl.on_trusted_init, plperl.on_untrusted_init.

Fujii Masao sent in a doc patch for Hot Standby.

KaiGai Kohei sent in another revision of the patch to add ACLs to
large objects (lo).

ITAGAKI Takahiro sent in a patch to add usage columns to

Martin Pihlak sent in a patch to fix the foreign data wrapper code,
which is part of SQL/MED.

Heikki Linnakangas sent in a patch to make tuplestores store the
context in which they are created.

Magnus Hagander sent in a patch to fix a Windows issue where a
non-essential library, msvcrt.dll, is sometimes not detected, which
caused incorrect behavior at runtime.

Robert Haas sent in a WIP patch atop the automatic index name creation
patch which tries to keep CONCURRENTLY a non-reserved word.

Fujii Masao sent in a patch to support streaming replication.

Joachim Wieland sent in a WIP patch which exposes "<IDLE> in
transaction" connections to SIGINT.

Pavel Stehule sent in a WIP patch to create a listagg() aggregate.

Andreas Freund sent in a patch to kill sessions connected to a dropped
database for hot standby.


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